Unit 83 The Olympic Games
Every four years athletes from all over the world take part in the Olympic Games. Both the Summer and Winter Olympics are held every four years. The Winter Olympics are usually held two years before the Summer Olympics.
The old Olympic Games from which the modern games came began around the year 776 BC in Greece. Many of the sports were the same as they are now. Some of the games in which the young men completed were: running, jumping and wrestling. Women were not allowed to take part in the games.
After about the year 393 AD the Olympic Games stopped. For centuries there were no Olympic Games. But they were not forgotten.
The first Olympic Games in modern times happened in 1896. They were held in Greece--- the country in which the games were born. In the 1896 games there were 311 competitors from just 13 countries. After that more and more countries joined in the games. In 1992 over 8,000 competitors from more than 150 countries went to Barcelona for the 25th Summer Olympics! There are over 250 different sports in the games. Sailing, horse-riding and shooting are some of the more unusual sports.
The Olympic motto is “Swifter, Higher, Stronger.” It means that every athlete should try to run faster, jump higher, and throw further. They do their best to win medals. In the1984 Olympic Games, Carl Lewis won four gold medals---in the 1000 metres, long jump and 4×100 – metre relay. In Barcelona the Chinese team got 16 gold medals, of which 12 were won by women.
One of the great competitions is not for a medal. It is the competition between countries to hold the Olympics. To hold the Olympic Games is a rich prize for a countries.
The Olympic Games① are held every 4 years. The Winter Olympics are usually held 2 years before the Summer Olympics. The old Olympic Games began around the year 776 BC② in Greece. After about the year 393 AD③ the Olympic Games stopped. The first Olympic Games in modern times④ took place⑤ in 1896. 311 competitors⑥ took part in⑦ the games. In 1992 more than 8,000 competitors from over 150 different countries went to Barcelona⑧ for the 25th Summer Olympics. There were 250 different sports in the games. In Barcelona the Chinese team got 16 gold medals⑨, of which 12 were won by women.
①Olympic Games: 奥林匹克运动会，也可以用 Olympics
④in modern times: 现代，当代
⑤take place: 发生，举行
⑦take part in: 参加